Impact of COVID-19 on Oral Health


Impact of COVID-19 on Oral Health

26-May 2021


COVID-19 affected and been affecting different people in a different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness & recover without hospitalization.


Most common symptoms

  • Fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Tiredness

Less Common Symptoms

  • Aches & Pains
  • Sore Throat
  • Diarrhoea
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Headache
  • Loss of Taste or smell
  • A rash on skin, or Dis-coloration of fingers or Tows

On March 11, 2020, The WHO Declared the global spread of corona virus Diseases 2019 (COVID-19) a Pandemic. Severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS – CoV – 2) is a new Virus with no vaccine or treatment & the population currently has no or less immunity to fight against it. The virus has primarily transmitted by direct or indirect personal contact through air borne respiratory droplets from an infected person.

Severe COVID-19 acute infection along with therapeutic measures could potentially contribute to negative outcomes with regard to oral health. Like various fungal infections, Xerostomia linked to decreased salivary flow, ulcerations & Gingivitis.

The Impact of Salivary Flow

Saliva is a clear, Tasteless, order-less and mildly alkaline viscous & complex fluid that is composed mainly of water and inorganic & organic substances. A decrease in salivary flow could then reduce the anti-viral activity that saliva provides, making hypo-salivation a significant risk factor for COVID-19. Certain Drugs like anti-hypertensive medications, anti-cholinergic medication & NSAIDs used in chronic conditions like hypertension & cardiovascular diseases causes hyposalivation, increasing coivid-19 risk.



An oral Lesions is an ulcer that occurs on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. This happens when the virus attacks your muscle fibers, Oral linings..

COVID Tongue

In this condition your tongue may start to appear white & patchy according to the medical researchers. In the COVID tongue, your body fails to produce saliva that protects your mouth from bad Bacteria. People with these symptoms find difficult to chew food and to speak. COVID tongue could also be accompanied by a change to the tongue’s sensation as well as muscle pain while chewing & persistent ulcers.

COVID-19 & Gingivitis

Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums.

Some symptoms of gingivitis include
  • Red & Swollen Gums
  • Bleeding Gums when brushing or flossing
  • Bad Breath
  • An unpleasant taste in the mouth

Poor Oral Hygiene can lead to the accumulation of Bacteria that stick to the teeth & form dental plaque. This is the common cause of Gingivitis. The Researchers also suggests that bleeding gums maybe a symptom of COVID–19. They observed that symptoms of gingivitis reduced after COVID–19 subsided.



Measures to be taken for oral health during COVID-19 Pandemic

Measures to be taken for oral health during COVID-19 Pandemic

A person should:

  • Brush & Floss regularly
  • Eat healthy
  • Wash your hands
  • Avoid sharing tooth brush
  • On should replace the tooth brush after getting recovered from COVID-19
  • Limit sugary drinks
  • Drink Plenty of water
  • Avoid smoking

What should I Do in a Dental Emergency?

For your own safety & the safety of health care providers please don’t visit an urgent care or an emergency room for your dental care needs. Please contact your dentists for guidance. As in current situation the dentists are mostly preferring for “TELE-DENTISTRY “as minimal problems can be solved on online consultations. As ADA (American Dental Association) has made few protocols unless there is severe emergency the patients should be managed through online consultation, as dentists are more prone to get exposed from COVID-19 due to the nature of treatment.

Dental Clinics maybe postponing non-emergency procedures, but your dentist can still make appropriate arrangements if you need care.

For better oral health during COVID-19 call us our Dental specialist on Rootz Dental Care & Implant Centre.

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